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Newsletter 016

I ’ve just returned from holiday in Sardinia – I recommend the island if you’re looking for a relaxing time cavorting on sandy beaches and swimming in crystal clear emerald sea. However, if you're thinking of going watch out for the suicidal Italian drivers. My advise is let them go by so they can have their accident further up the road.

In this newsletter you will find out about the Hieroglyphic Print Machine version 2, the Egypt Handbook for Travelers (1892), Medicine and Religion, Images of Cleopatra through the Ages, there is a game for kids, links to the latest news articles, and Nebmare-nakht's description of a farmer’s life.

There is also news about John Romer’s DVDs and a link to Photoscape - a nifty free no strings attached photo editing software package.

Hope you enjoy the newsletter


Ancient Letters
Nebmare-Nakht's Description of a Farmer’s Life (abridged)

A hefty part of an Egyptian farmer’s crop was taken as taxes (perhaps the tax collector is the oldest profession in the world) but they did receive the benefit of social security from pharaoh in exchange for working on temples and pyramids. So their lives were not as arduous as many other peasants in the ancient world. However, for many farming was not the idyllic life as portrayed in tomb paintings unless you happened to be a member of the landed gentry.

By day he cuts his tools; by night he twists rope and even his midday hour is spent at work. He equips himself to go to the dried field as if he were a warrior. He spends three days searching for his team animals to plough the field and finds them in the bog; their hides chewed by jackals.

He casts the seed to the ground but does not see a green blade. His wife goes down to the merchants but finds nothing for barter and he does three ploughings with borrowed grain.

The scribe comes to survey the harvest and demand the grain tax. He has Nubians with clubs and his attendants are armed with staffs. When the farmer says "There is none" he is beaten savagely, bound and thrown in the well, his wife is bound, his children are in fetters, his neighbours abandon them and when it is over, there is no grain.
Instruction in letter-writing made by the royal scribe Nebmare-nakht - Miriam Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature ,University of California Press, 1976, I, pp. 168-173. (Abridged)

Hieroglyphic Print Machine version 2

Over the past two years I’ve been developing the Hieroglyphic Print Machine version 2 in my spare time with my friend Simon Fletcher who is a programmer and software developer.

The project is now finished and the program is available on disk and boxed with an illustrated booklet of background information explaining how to use the hieroglyphs.

I’ve created hundreds of new glyphs including 388 ancient Egyptian words with their English translations. There are 143 alphabet, syllabic, determinative, numbers signs, decorative backgrounds, cartouches and gods names.

Although this is partly a fun product it also has a serious scholarly element with the inclusion of the Gardiner’s Sign List. At the moment the software contains 223 Gardiner signs but will eventually be expanded to include the complete list which you will be able to download as expansion packs.

The Software’s functions include the ability to make greetings cards, T-Shirts and posters. The tool set allows you to make text, lines, squares and ellipses. You can import your own images and adjust them in the picture editor. The greetings card function gives you four different card types and the T-shirt function will automatically reverse your text and images for printing on transfer paper.

You can now write secret ancient Egyptian messages to your friends and have fun creating all sorts Egyptian themed stuff with your printer.


Egyptian Videos

Egyptian Doodles - (National Geographic) Ancient artifacts reveal how Egyptian construction workers sketched and took notes in their free time.

Exploring the Step Pyramid "Stairway to Heaven" - Dr. Zahi Hawass takes you on a journey through the passages under Step Pyramid of Djoser at Saqqara. He shares news of the first Egyptian-led conservation project for this great monument, and reveals a glimpse of the sarcophagus of Djoser, uncovered as part of the effort to preserve the Step Pyramid for future generations.

The face of the Great Sphinx at Giza Charlton Heston speculates who's face is on the Great Sphinx at Giza.

Ancient Egyptian News

Finds may lead to Mark Anthony and Cleopatra’s graves.
Recent finds of mummies and coins suggest that the discovery of the lost tomb of Mark Anthony and Cleopatra is at hand. More>> http://news.scotsman.com/latestnews/Finds-may-lead-to-Mark.5184620.jp

Pyramid Site Yields Older Relics
An ancient Egyptian tomb near the mud-brick pyramid of Lahun shows the site was used 1,000 years earlier than archaeologists previously thought.

Herbs Added to 5,100-Year-Old Egyptian Wine

Russian Archaeologists Discover Golden-Masked Mummies.  http://en.rian.ru/science/20090408/120990444.html

Nefertiti’s Facelift
The latest medical scanning technology reveals that queen Nefertiti was given a facelift. More>> http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/beauty-of-nile-unmasked-ndash-wrinkles-and-all-1658989.html

The Discovering Egypt Newsletter *Click Here*
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Liverpool National Museum’s online game Escape from the Mummy’s Tomb - collect ancient treasures but watch out for a scary mummy on the loose.
*Click Here*

Imagining Egypt
The Czech language edition of Imagining Egypt will be publish next month
*Click Here* to read the Imagining Egypt Reviews
Dust jacket *Click Here*
*click here* to download three sample pages from Imagining Egypt.
*Click Here* to find out more about Imagining Egypt.

Imagining Egypt
The Czech language edition of Imagining Egypt will be publish next month
*Click Here* to read the Imagining Egypt Reviews
Dust jacket *Click Here*
*click here* to download three sample pages from Imagining Egypt.
*Click Here* to find out more about Imagining Egypt.

Medicine and Religion in Ancient Egypt
By Laura M. Zucconi
*Click Here*

John Romer
I’ve just got news that John Romer’s Ancient Lives will be released on DVD in November 2009.

At the moment it’s only being released in NTSC by Athena - I’ll keep you up to date and let you know if there is going to be a PAL version.
See Amazon>>

Images of Cleopatra
Images of Cleopatra through the Ages - Photo Essays by TIME
*Click Here*

Egypt Handbook For Travellers Edited By K. Baedeker With 11 Maps and 26 Plans Leipsic: Karl Baedeker, Publisher 1892
*Click Here*

Les Cahiers de Science & Vie
I recently made a temple reconstruction of Karnak for a French magazine called Les Cahiers de Science & Vie. Although I don’t understand French, when I received my copy in the post, I was impressed by the excellence of its quality and design. Articles range from Egyptian thought to boat building and architecture.
*Click Here*

Free Stuff
Photoscape is a free no strings attached photo editing software package that enables you to fix and enhance your photos.
*Click Here*

The catalogue of FREE no strings attached downloads has grown quite large over the past year so I’ve created a special one stop page where you can get them all.
*Click Here*

Ancient Egyptian’s Forum
*Click Here*

Worksheet Creator
If you own a copy of the Egyptian Math Worksheet Creator
*click Here* for help and updates.

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Copyright © 2008 Mark Millmore. All Rights Reserved.